Beyond The 4C's
While the 4C's are not the be-all, end-all when it comes to diamonds, you should have a basic understanding of what they measure and describe before you buy.
Cut - A well-cut diamond will direct more light through the crown. A diamond with a depth that's too shallow or too deep will allow light to escape through the sides or the bottom of the stone.
Color - The color of a diamond ranges from an icy white colorless to a light yellow. It's very difficult to tell the difference from one color grade to another color grade. That's why it's important to compare diamonds side by side. Colorless is the most rare and therefore the most expensive. Yellow is the least rare and therefore the least expensive.
Clarity - The Clarity Effects the Rarity and Therefore the Expense. The clarity refers to the diamond's tiny markings. GIA created a grading scale to help the consumer understand what makes one diamond worth more than another. The grading scale is based on rarity. Flawless is the most rare and therefore the most expensive. Included 3 is the least rare and therefore the least expensive.
Carat Weight- Many People Want the Largest Diamond They Can Afford. 1 carat is divided into 100 points so that 50 points is 1/2 carat. Although size is an important factor in determining the value of a diamond, the cut, color, and clarity are equally important.
What is a diamond certificate?
Your guide to the standard 4C's. The diamond certificate tells you all of the measurable facts about your diamond. It has information on the 4Cs and on a full certificate shows you any flaws your diamond may have. This is your starting point when judging a diamond. But it is only a starting point. The "cert" cannot show you how beautiful your diamond is, it can only measure quantifiable aspects. And beauty is not quantifiable.
What are Conflict Diamonds
Conflict Diamonds are diamonds that originate and are mined from areas controlled by forces at war, or otherwise in armed conflict with the region’s existing officially recognized government. The diamonds produced from these areas are used to illegally and often brutally fund military action in opposition to those governments, or in contravention of the decisions of the United Nations Security Council. Conflict Diamonds are also sometimes referred to as “Blood Diamonds.”
How can I avoid conflict diamonds?
A well structured Certificate of Origin regime has proven to be an effective means of ensuring that only “legitimate diamond”, that is, those only from conflict-free government controlled areas, reach the world market. New legislation now levies significant sanctions against those who fail to comply, barring their access to the legitimate diamond market.
What are lab created diamonds?
Lab created diamonds are created in a laboratory, by man, and they have the same chemical, optical, and physical properties as natural diamonds mined from the earth. The difference between a Lab created diamond and a diamond that's mined naturally from the earth is that the diamond that's mined naturally from the earth took billions of years to come to the surface of the earth, whereas a diamond that's created in a laboratory is created in a much shorter period of time in a more controlled environment. Lab created diamonds are eco-friendly and always conflict free.